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The game of children

Importance of the game

The game is fundamental to the well-being and the development of any child. When children play, they develop their skills on several plans. They reflect, solve problems, express, move, to cooperate, font call to their impressions and exercise their moral conscience.

Learn through Play

During the first years of their lives, children explore or play in doing the same things again and again.

The babies, for example, will enter the blocks, the handle and put them in their mouths. Toddlers will build towers with their blocks simply to fall to the ground.

This drive repeated allows them to learn and develop their confidence in them. Children learn what are the objects and what they can do. They begin to understand their universe. For toddlers, the game is a natural way to learn. It is closer to the way in which we learn in the lives of all days.

Instead of integrating a concept at the time, as is done in the classroom, children must learn and use several ideas and objects at the same time. Play, c is also joining the useful with the enjoyable. The game makes the children happy which facilitates their learning and makes it even more effective.

What are the real dangers of the screens for your children?

Source of Information: France Health Info 08 Nov 2014 France info The National Agency of Health security has alerted, on the dangerousness of the 3D images for the less than 13 years. But the screens more conventional TV or computer must also be watched with moderation.

They distort the ocular reflexes, which abyss their eyes

Some may blame also to the screens the progression of myopia in modern societies. « There is a greater frequency of myopia in childhood and adolescence, » says in the pages of the world Béatrice Cochener, President of the French Academy of Ophthalmology. But the link has never been demonstrated. « The theory that the time spent disproportionately on the screens of computers and consoles videos would encourage the development of myopia does not find any scientific support », because of the lack of epidemiological studies, tempers the professor Thanh Hoang-Xuan, head of the Department of Ophthalmology at the American Hospital of Paris. The researchers who are working on myopia guide rather their research on another guilty: the increasing time spent on the inside of the houses and apartments by children, indicates slate.

They alter their concentration, which is felt in the school

The more the children spend time in front of the screens, the more their school results are bad. This is what shows a study published in the issue of October 2014 of the American Journal of Family Therapy, which analyzes the habits of 46 000 American families with children (kindergarten to terminal). From a half-hour of screen time per day, they found a steady decline in school results. The decline is much more pronounced after two hours and, beyond four hours, the general average of the child drops of a class.

To explain these figures, researchers rely the difficulties to find the sleep that develop the children who spend a lot of time in front of the television or on the computer. According to the study cited by the Huffington Post (article in English), the children who spend four hours per day in front of a screen are on average twenty minutes more to fall asleep.

Another element of answer: the problems of concentration which are progressing with exposure to screens. »Cartoons and video games accustomed the children to a high dose of excitation, that they do not find in the real life, explains Dr. Larrar. Because the other activities become less compelling, it becomes more difficult to concentrate above. »

They grow to the intellectual laziness but, in some cases, help to cognitive development

Addicted to the excitement that cause the screens, children ignore the toys more conventional. The psychomotor development of young children going yet essentially by the game, according to Michaël Larrar. « They begin by games functional as cubes, and then have fun by imitating the adults. They play at the school mistress, firefighters, which allows them to discover the reality. » Then come the Symbolic games where the children put in scene their anxieties and develop their imagination.

Conversely, the screens non-interactive, such as television, the plunge in the passivity. The image is necessary to the child who is found in a linear process. It does not develop his imagination or his capacity to reason to try to find a solution to a problem. « There expiates not his anguish, as he can do on its Playmobil or other toys, which is extremely important, » explains Dr Larrar. But all is not, for as much, as black as a TV off.

To help parents to see more clearly, Dr. Serge Tisseron has established a rather simple rule: « The 3, 6, 9, 12 ». Up to 3 years, no television. Before 6 years, no games console. From 9 years old, the child can go on the Internet, but with its parents. Finally, to 12 years, leave the adolescent Discover the virtual world.

The psychomotor games, the sport for the development of the Child

To give a taste for sport or allow a awareness of physical capacity, the psychomotor games are very interesting for children. They are more and more used and actively participate in the development of the child. Here is what you need to know about these exercises fun.

What is the usefulness of the psychomotor games?

In a first time, it is essential to accompany the child in the discovery of its physical capacity. It will be able to discover what it is capable of doing and better understand its daily life. The psychomotor games stimulate the balance, coordination and the marks in the space.

A sporting point of view, it is a playful introduction which opens the way to the practice of a sport. « The Games psychomotor impairment facilitate learning and motivate the children. During a sports training, they work without realizing it, » explains Gretz Roman, student in Staps and coach of judo.

A few examples of psychomotor games.

The exercises are very numerous. Nothing that walk to bell-foot allows a child to take his body and learn to manage its balance and its coordination. By being on the hands and feet, the exchange of support allows you to work the kinesthetic marks.

More generally, it may be a matter of course with the adoption of different postures to improve its travel. Of the small exercises of races with hoops,-pin plug or other barriers allows the child to tame its capacity of movement and speed.

The exercises by teams or in pairs allow this learning to go even further in the movements in the reflection and in the interaction with the other.

This explains the importance of this way to learn in the sport clubs, crèches and nursery schools. For the latter, the Department of National Education slides including a tab « Play and Learn » in the resources made available to professionals in the education.

( This is a digest of different studies published in different press recognized as serious and sui are cited on this page )